Home & Garden Fact Sheet


What does the Home & Garden program do?

The Home & Garden Program is dedicated to helping Trail area families keep their home and yard environments healthy and safe.  The program has several parts: a Healthy Homes in-home visit and supports for young families, lead-safe home renovation support, and garden and yard soil testing and remediation. The Home & Garden program operates out of the Community Program Office at 1319 Bay Avenue in Trail.

Healthy Homes Program   

The Healthy Homes Program is offered to expectant families and families with children 36 months of age or younger in Trail and Rivervale.  Each family is offered a yard assessment and Healthy Home in-home visit by a Community Programs Representative. The yard assessment includes soil testing and advice on how to cover up bare soil and improve lawns, gardens and ground cover.  Soil replacement may be offered on a case-by-case basis, based on the assessment results.  Yard improvement or yard conditioning may be offered to improve ground cover or reduce areas of bare soil.  The home visit includes information on how to make your home healthy and how to prevent children's lead exposure.  If you're renovating or thinking about it, we have a Healthy Renovation Program tailored to families with young children; we can even help set up your renovation work area.  If you live in Trail or Rivervale and are expecting a child or have children 36 months of age or younger, please contact our Community Program Office to sign up for this service.

What do I need to know about Lead-Safe Home Renovation?

The dust stirred up in home renovations, demolitions and excavations can contain lead and other metals. It’s important to protect everyone from exposure to metals in dust, and particularly important for children, pregnant women and people working in the construction site.  

How does the program support home renovators?
Any homeowner or tenant in Trail or Rivervale can get free equipment, supplies and information for safe home renovation. Owners and tenants of pre-1976 homes anywhere in the Lower Columbia can get the same free support. These supports include the free use of HEPA-filtered shop vacuums and power tools, free respirators and filters, disposable coveralls and plastic sheeting. If you are currently planning or doing a home renovation, indoors or outdoors, please check out the I'm Renovating section of this website for instructional videos, names of lead-safe contractors, and information on free lead-safety supplies and equipment loans.

Contractors and construction professionals are advised to check out the Contractors section of this website and apply to become a Trail Area Lead Safe Contractor.  This includes watching our "Made in Trail" lead-safe renovation instructional videos that demonstrate how to protect yourself, your workers, and household residents from dust during construction and when transporting and disposing of waste materials. Safe disposal of waste materials is important because there may be lead and other metals in soil, dust, paint chips, and painted materials.

We want to get our information out to all home renovators.  Our goal is to have all home renovators use lead-safe practices.  Please look for our Lead Safe Renovation brochures at local home and garden stores, the RDKB building permit office, stores and groups that cater to young families, or our Community Program Office at 1319 Bay Ave.

What support is available for Garden & Yard Soil?
The Garden & Yard Soil program provides information and supports to all Trail area residents to minimize health risks from contact with metals in soil. Staff in the Community Program Office can answer your questions about metals in soil.

Soil testing is available for all residential properties in Trail and Rivervale. Here are the details:

Soil Testing in Trail and Rivervale 

Soil testing is available for all residential properties in Trail and Rivervale; families with children 36 months or younger and expectant families are the top priority.  Testing takes about one hour and is done across the yard, especially in bare soil, play areas, vegetable gardens and flower gardens. 

Currently, our program is actively promoting soil testing to provide more Trail and Rivervale property owners with information on the metal levels in their yards.  This information will be used in our community-wide remediation planning and to prioritize properties for soil remediation in the coming years. Getting your soil tested is the first step. 

Requests for soil testing on commercial or public properties in Trail and Rivervale are considered on a case-by-case basis.  

Requests from Outside Trail and Rivervale
Requests for soil testing from other parts of the Lower Columbia region are considered on a case-by-case basis. Soil testing is done by priority and the levels of smelter metals in soil are likely to be lower outside Trail or Rivervale. Advice and information are available to everyone.


What do I need to know about soil?
In the Trail area, soil has higher than normal levels of several metals, including lead. This was mainly caused by past smelter emissions, especially from before the 1970s. Metal levels in soil have stayed about the same over the last 25 years while children’s blood lead levels have dropped considerably.
The most important thing to know about lead in soil is that the health risks are relatively low, and even lower if the soil is kept well covered. It is important to prevent young children’s exposure to bare soil as this is one of the pathways by which they can be exposed to lead and dust.  Most lead enters the body through the mouth, young children tend to put dirty hands in their mouths, and they absorb lead more easily than older children and adults. 
Asphalt, crushed rock, and concrete are good permanent ground covers.  Grass, bark mulch and gravel are better than bare soil but they need to be well maintained.  Sandboxes or grass make good play areas.  It is important to cover sandboxes when not in use.  It is also important to follow good hygiene practices like washing hands, keeping dust and dirt out of the house, and controlling dust outside. Note that, in the Trail area, the main health risks from lead come from indoor and outdoor surface dust and the main health risks are to young children.

Is it safe to eat homegrown fruits and vegetables?
Many people ask about the safety of eating fruits and vegetables grown in the Trail area.  Studies have been done in Trail comparing the levels of metals in homegrown and store-bought produce. Overall, the levels of metals are higher in some types of homegrown produce but the health risks they pose are low. Trail area health statistics have been reviewed by the BC Cancer Agency and Ministry of Health. These agencies haven’t found evidence of increased rates of disease in Trail due to metals in the environment.
There are important benefits to growing and eating homegrown fruits and vegetables and steps you can take to minimize exposure to metals. Always wash fruits and vegetables before eating them. You can also choose what to grow. The fruit parts of plants (e.g. tomatoes, cucumbers, berries, beans etc.) absorb very little metal from soil. Root vegetables also absorb very little, but you need to peel them before eating. Leafy greens tend to absorb more metal; washing them gets rid of some, but not all of it. If you are concerned, please contact the Community Program Office and request soil testing for your vegetable garden.

Do metals re-contaminate in replaced soil?
Many people ask us about the benefits of soil replacement and whether new soil will continue to have low metal levels as years go by.  We have conducted a study of soil recontamination, returning to properties where soil has been replaced and monitoring metal levels. The study results show that soil appears to recontaminate but at a very slow rate such that the new soil can be expected to have low metal levels for many years. 

10 Top Tips for a Safe Garden & Home
1. Make sure children wash their hands after playing outside, and before eating.
2. Wash your hands before eating, or when you finish gardening, yard work, or home projects.
3. Don’t eat or touch your mouth when gardening or working with soil or dust.
4. Cover up areas of bare soil in your yard. Cover the sandbox when not in use. Hose the driveway and other paved areas regularly. Keep all grass areas in good condition.
5. Leave outside shoes at the door. Place a mat at your door.
6. Isolate areas under renovation in the home, with plastic sheeting. Leave work clothes in the work area.
7. Vacuum and clean work areas each day before and after working on home renovations.
8. Store home renovation waste materials in safe containers that can be covered & transported.
9. Wear coveralls when working with soil, doing home renovations, and dusty jobs.
10. Wash dirty clothing separately from the regular household laundry.

How can I get more information?
For information on the Home and Garden Program, contact the Community Program Office at 1319 Bay Avenue or 250-368-3256.